J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2019 Feb 23. doi: 10.3233/NPM-1813. [Epub ahead of print]
Rescue high frequency ventilation for congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Attar MA1, Dechert RE2, Donn SM1.
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High frequency jet (HFJV) and oscillatory (HFOV) ventilation were used to rescue newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), who failed conventional mechanical ventilation (CV). Changes in ventilator settings and pulmonary gas exchange were evaluated following transition to high frequency ventilation (HFV).

Records of patients with CDH rescued with HFV prior to surgical intervention between 2006 and 2015 were reviewed. Mean airway pressure (Pāw) and arterial blood gases during CV and those obtained within the first hour of HFV were compared. A composite repeated measure analysis was performed to evaluate longitudinal and intergroup variances.

Twenty-seven patients were rescued from CV, 16 by HFJV and 11 by HFOV. The two groups had similar gestational ages and birth weights. Prior to HFV, both groups had similar Pāw, PaCO2, FiO2 and PaO2. HFV was associated with a significant improvement in ventilation, and the rate of decrease of PaCO2 was no different between groups. There was a significantly higher increase in Pāw increase with HFOV compared to HFJV.

In newborns with CDH rescued with HFV, ventilation improved but Pāw was significantly lower in patients supported with HFJV compared to HFOV.

Hemodynamic; neonates; rescue; respiratory failure; surgery

PMID: 30829621 DOI: 10.3233/NPM-1813