Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 Jan 18. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001882. [Epub ahead of print]
Development of the Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction Model for Risk-Adjusting Mortality.
Bailly DK1, Reeder RW1, Winder M2, Barbaro RP3, Pollack MM4, Moler FW3, Meert KL5, Berg RA6, Carcillo J7, Zuppa AF6, Newth C8, Berger J4, Bell MJ7, Dean MJ1, Nicholson C9, Garcia-Filion P10, Wessel D4, Heidemann S5, Doctor A11, Harrison R12, Bratton SL1, Dalton H13; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN).
Author information
To develop a prognostic model for predicting mortality at time of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation for children which is important for determining center-specific risk-adjusted outcomes.

Multivariable logistic regression using a large national cohort of pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients.

The ICUs of the eight tertiary care children's hospitals of the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network.

Five-hundred fourteen children (< 19 yr old), enrolled with an initial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation run for any indication between January 2012 and September 2014.


A total of 514 first extracorporeal membrane oxygenation runs were analyzed with an overall mortality of 45% (n = 232). Weighted logistic regression was used for model selection and internal validation was performed using cross validation. The variables included in the Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction model were age (pre-term neonate, full-term neonate, infant, child, and adolescent), indication for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, cardiac, or respiratory), meconium aspiration, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, documented blood stream infection, arterial blood pH, partial thromboplastin time, and international normalized ratio. The highest risk of mortality was associated with the presence of a documented blood stream infection (odds ratio, 5.26; CI, 1.90-14.57) followed by extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (odds ratio, 4.36; CI, 2.23-8.51). The C-statistic was 0.75 (95% CI, 0.70-0.80).

The Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Prediction model represents a model for predicting in-hospital mortality among children receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for any indication. Consequently, it holds promise as the first comprehensive pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation risk stratification model which is important for benchmarking extracorporeal membrane oxygenation outcomes across many centers.

PMID: 30664590 DOI: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001882
Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on Google+